Asabiyyah

 

Surah Al-Hujuraat-49:13

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female,

and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another.

Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa 

[i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious – see V.2:2)].

Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.

 

 

What is Asabiyyah

The ahadith give us insight into the issue of Asabiyyah (partisanship) which could be based on various reasons, ranging from race, tribe, color, nationality, language, etc. This partisanship stands absolutely in opposition to the teachings of Islam. This issue had been in existence in pre-islamic arabia where tribes often opposed each other not on the basis of truth but rather on the basis of tribalism.

 

Rasulallah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

“Whosoever leaves off obedience and separates from the Jama’ah and dies, he dies a death of jahiliyyah.

Whoever fights under the banner of the blind, becoming angry for ‘asabiyyah (partisanship and party-spirit),

or calling to ‘asabiyyah, or assisting ‘asabiyyah, then dies, he dies a death of jahiliyyah.”

Related by Muslim in his Sahih (6/21), from Abu Hurayrah radhiallahu ‘anhu

 

 

 

Racism

Racism is also addressed by Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam which in fact addresses the aspect of Asabiyyah

 

Rasulallah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also said:

“Indeed there is no excellence for

an arab over a non-arab, nor a non-arab over an arab,

nor a white person over a black one,

nor a black person over a white one,

except through taqwa (piety and obedience to Allah).”

Sahih: Related by Ahmad (5/411) and it was authenticated by Ibn Taymiyyah in Kitabu’l-Iqtida (p. 69)

 

 

 Tribalism

One of the issues which still prevail in modern societies is the issue of tribalism, this is also addressed by Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam.

 

Jundab ibn Abdullah reported:

Rasulallah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, said,

 “Whoever is killed under the banner of blind following,

who calls to tribalism or supports tribalism,

then he has died upon ignorance.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1850

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim

 

 

Nationalism

The aspect of nationalism is a concept that has blinded the Muslim ummah into believing that they are a separate ummah, that they are divided by borders (sykes-picot), and that they are different due to their geopolitical ideologies and geographic locations.

This is furthest from the truth of Islam. Muslims in their belief and practices are one, beyond borders, flags, ideologies, and locations. The religious and political belief of Muslims is one. Thus Islam opposes any form of nationalism which is not based on purely Islamic belief and practice.

 

Rasulallah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also said:

“The example of the Believer in their mutual love and mercy is like the example of a body,

if one part of the body feels pain,

then all the body suffers in sleeplessness and fever.”

Related by Al-Bukhari (no. 6011) and Muslim (no. 2586) from An-Nu’man ibn Bashir radhiallahu ‘anhu

 

 

Flags

Flags of states and countries today; symbolize a nation-state, ideology, and the plight of a people or the struggle of a people, thus the design and colors of such flags of nationalism. These ideologies and struggles often have no link to Islam. The nation-states are often ruled by laws other than Islamic laws. Therefore hoisting or raising such flags is in opposition to the belief of Islam. It stands in total opposition to Tawheed al Hakamiyyah. 

The only exception to raising such a flag is for purposes of identification in certain contexts. These contexts would include hajj or Umrah or travel to ensure the people of a certain land are not lost.

 

> Imitating the Disbelievers

 

> al wala wal bara

 

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