Surah Al Maidah-5:3.

……This day,

I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above-mentioned meats), then surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful

 

The Day of Arafah

This verse of Surah Al Maidah was revealed on the day of Hajj at Arafah, the day of Hajj performed by Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam (the farewell Hajj – Hajj Al Wada).

 

 

 

Surah Al-Baqarah-2:196-200

 And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam),

the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allah.

But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel, etc.) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice.

And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity – feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep).

 

Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, 

before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu’ and Al-Qiran),

he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all.

This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-Haram (i.e. non-resident of Makkah).

And fear Allah much and know that Allah is Severe in punishment.

The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein by assuming Ihram),

then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj.

And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allah knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey,

but the best provision is At-Taqwa (piety, righteousness, etc.).

So fear Me, O men of understanding!

 There is no sin on you if you seek the Bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading, etc.).

Then when you leave ‘Arafat, remember Allah (by glorifying His Praises, i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) at the Mash’ar-il-Haram.

And remember Him (by invoking Allah for all good, etc.) as He has guided you,

and verily, you were, before, of those who were astray.

 Then depart from the place whence all the people depart and ask Allah for His Forgiveness.

Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.

So when you have accomplished your Manasik [(i.e. Ihram, Tawaf of the Ka’bah and As-Safa and Al-Marwah), stay at ‘Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina, Ramy of Jamarat, (stoning of the specified pillars in Mina) slaughtering of Hady (animal, etc.)].

Remember Allah as you remember your forefathers or with a far more remembrance.

But of mankind there are some who say:

“Our Lord! Give us (Your Bounties) in this world!”

and for such there will be no portion in the Hereafter

 

 

Method

Ihram

Ihram is adorned on the fijr of the day which the muhrim will proceed to Minah. The adorning of Ihram is not just a garment but rather a state of purity and outlook in maintaining the obligations of Hajj.

 

Separate residence for spouses at Minah

Spouses reside in separate tents during the stay at Minah.

Spouses make the Hajj (Yaumul Arafah and Muzdalifah) together.

On return to Minah, spouses once again return to their respective tented areas.

 

 

Day 1 – Minah (9th Day of Dhul Hijjah)

A day is spent at the Minah tents, the day is filled with Salah, Quran, Adhkar, and Adiyah. At Fijr the Muhrim depart from Minah to proceed to Arafah

 

 

Day 2 – Arafah (10th day of Dhul Hijjah)

On arriving at Arafah, the Muhrim will settle at the tents at Arafah.

The day is filled with Salah, Quran, Adhkar, and Adiyah,this continues until noon. After the Dhuhr Salah begins Wuqoof.

 

Wuqoof

Wuqoof is the standing outside the tents and facing Qiblah and making dua, this is the absolute essence of hajj.

The dua should be prepared in whatever format written or memorized as to not leave out anything. But also not to detract from the true experience of sincere dua, it being natural, from the heart to the mind to the tongue, to the lips, to the tears.

Wuqoof continues until Asr. After Asr, buses begin to depart from.

 

For most; the journey of a lifetime has been accomplished

 

An Evening at Muzdhalifah (10th day of Dhul Hijjah)

Muzdhalifah is also a place of Wuqoof-standing and dua.

There are no tents, there are no mattresses, there is no ceiling, there is no airconditioning, there is for sure an open night sky.

Maghrib and Eesha are performed on open plains, sometimes rocky.

Adhkar and Adiyah follow through the night.

At Tahajjud more Adiyah as it is still a place of standing-Wuqoof.

Some leave after midnight. The correct view on this issue is to stay at Muzdhalifah until after Fijr.

After Fijr, more Adiyah and shortly thereafter the buses begin to leave.

 

Why?

This is the manasik (method and teachings) of Hajj, a part of the method of Hajj taught to us by RasulAllah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam as performed by the builder of Kaabah; Ebrahim Alayhi Salam.

The pelting of the Jamarah is recounting the experience of Ebrahim Alayhi salam as he proceeded to sacrifice his son Ismaeel Alayhi Salam.

The standing (Wuqoof) at Arafah is the absolute performance of the Hajj practice. The elderly and sick who cannot fulfill other rites yet manage to fulfil this rite have fulfilled the requirements of Hajj (May Allah subhana wa taala accept from them and us)

 

 Day 3 – The Return to Minah (11th day of Dhul Hijjah)

The Muhrim returns to Minah.

The first obligation is to stone Al Jamaraah (First of Three Jamaraah). Once this has been completed thereafter the Dham, the  Slaughter is offered.

Confirmation of the Dham is received by SMS and the process of partial Ihram follows.

This means that, for men shaving of the head is required, and for the women a small portion of hair.

 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said in ash-Sharh al-Mumti‘ (7/329):

“A woman should cut a fingertip’s length from her hair” refers to the top of the finger.

In other words, a woman should take hold of her braids, if she has braids, or the ends of her hair, if she does not have braids, and trim the length of a fingertip from it.

That is approximately two centimeters.

With regard to what is common among women, which is wrapping the end of the hair around the finger then cutting it , that is not correct.

End quote. 

 

The Muhrim then returns to the apartment for bathing and ablution.

 

 

Day 3 – Tawaaf al Ifadah- Makkah (11th day of Dhul Hijjah)

After entering into a state of partial ihram, the ihram garb is removed and a thawb is adorned. Accompanied by his spouse, the Muhrim then makes his way to Makkah. for the Tawaaf of Hajj. The timing for this Tawaaf is important.

Tawaaf consists of seven circumnambulations of Kaabah

After the Tawaaf, two rakah of Salah is performed.

 

Why?

This is the manasik (method and teachings) of Hajj, a part of the method of Hajj taught to us by RasulAllah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam as performed by the builder of Kaabah; Ebrahim Alayhi Salam.

 

Safa-Saiee

After Tawaaf, the Salah and Dua, Safa-Saiee takes place.

Safa-Saiee means the walking between the two mounts of Mount Safa and Mount Marwa (It is better to stay in Wudhu)

After Safa-Saiee one may relax and drink the Zam-Zam water which flows from the Zam-Zam wells.

 

Why?

The flow of the Zam-Zam well began at the time of Ismaeel Alayhi Salam, as a baby, Ismaeel feet kicked the ground and Zam-zam began to flow.

It was Hajar Alayhi Salam who ran between the two mounts seeking assistance for the baby Ismaeel who cried for water.

These mounts are the sign of Allah Subhana wa taala and we follow the same steps as our mother Hajar Alayhi Salam did,

There is blessing in Zam-zam which flows until this very day, It may be consumed sitting or standing.

 

Day 4 – Return to Minah (12th day of Dhul Hijjah)

Stay at Minah and pelt all three Jamarah

 

Day 5 -Stay at Minah (13th day of Dhul Hijjah)

Remain at Minah and pelt all three Jamarah

 

Day 6 – Stay at Minah (14th day of Dhul Hijjah)

Final day at Minah and pelt all three Jamarah

This will be the completion of the six days at Minah.

Note that not all Hujjaj will have the luxury to remain after Tawaaf al Ifaadah

 

Day 6 – Return to Apartment

Should this be possible, it would be wise to visit al Kaabah and maintain a final Tawaaf (Tawaaf-al-widah) over the remaining days of stay

 

 May Allah Subhana wa taala grant us all the opportunity, fulfillment and an accepted Hajj

 

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