Bismillah hir Rahman nir Raheem


Prior to the performance of Salah, it is mandatory to ensure that one is in a pure state (Tahaarah). This is achieved through either taking a shower, performing wudhu or other methods of maintaining Taharah.

The method of maintaining Taharah is found on the Taharah (Purity) explanation page. This is a crucial aspect to understand especially so if you are new to Islam.



Salah is the prayer of the believer (Creation) to his Creator Allah Subhana wa taala.It is a gift from Allah Subhana wa taala to His Believers. Salah is performed five times a day;


Fijr – Before Sunrise (ensure that the salah is performed before sunrise and not whilst the sun is rising)

Dhuhr – after midday but before the afternoon set in

Asr – this is when afternoon falls, but ensure that the sun is above the horizon and not anywhere near it.

Maghrib – this is when the sun has set, which means already below the horizon and is not visible and lasts until the redness of the sunset has disappeared.

Esha – this is when night has fallen it is dark.



A safe, quiet, clean (hygienic) place, without disturbances, frames depicting faces or sculptures of humans or figurines. This would ideally be in a musjid or a room when one is unable to reach the musjid for the congregational Salah.

The earth itself is a place of prayer provided it meets conditions of safety cleanliness and not maintaining any unwanted figurines pictures or faces.



    • On making wudhu, the intention is internalized to perform salah, thus wudhu had been made for the purpose of salah.
    • Salah is not valid without proper wudhu
    • When standing for salah the intention is not uttered but rather internalized



A – Whilst standing – First Rakah


  1. Whilst facing Kabah, both hands are to be raised to the shoulder, the fingers reach below ear lobes, at that point ‘Allahu Akbar’ is stated.


The Normal Posture of Salah (Prayer)

    1. After Takbir, the right hand is folded over the left hand, and placed on chest (sternum)
    2. Feet are to be maintained at least two palms apart throughout salah
    3. Eyes are to be focused on the place where the forehead and nose would be placed on the ground
    4. Eyes should preferably be open throughout salah when standing
    5. If there is disturbance then eyes may be closed temporarily only
    6. There should be an inanimate object placed in front to protect any third party from walking in front of you and the place of sujood.
    7. A person should not walk between where you stand and where you will be placing your forehead.



A – While standing – First Rakah – (continued)

Recitation before every Salah (not after ruku)

  • Tawudh is recited

Audhu billahi minash shaytaan nir rajim, busimillahir Rahman nir Raheem

  • Then

Subhanakallah humma wabih hamdika wa tabaaraka asmuka wa ta’aalaa jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghairuk



A.– While standing – First Rakah – (continued)

A1  Recitation for every Salah (and after rising from every ruku)

  • State the Basmalah :

Bismillahir Rahman nir Raheem


  • Recite Al fatiha

Al hamdulillah hir-rabbil alameeen

Ar-Rahmaan nir-Raheeem

Malik-ki-yaum mied-deeen

Eeyah-kana boodoo wa-eeyah qanas ta-een

Eeh’-dinas siratul mustaqeeem

Siratal-lazeena an-amtha alayhim

Ghayril makhdoobi alayhim

Walad dohleen



  • Recite a Surah

Qul Huwal la ahadh

Allahu samadh

Lam yalidh

Wa lam yoo ladh

Walam ya qulahoo

Kufu ahn ahad



B – Whilst Bowing

  • Place hands on elbow
  • Keep back straight, feet two palms apart
  • Recite

Subhana rabbi al azeem (three times)


C- Slowly rising to straight posture

  • Recite

Sami Allahu liman hamidah

Rabbana wa laqal hamd


D – To Sajdah (Prostration)

  • From standing upright, bend kneesto squat position, then place both hands apart on place of prostration so that forehead is placed between.
  • Ensure palms touch ground first before knees
  • Place forehead on ground consciously acknowledging that Allah subhana wa taala is the highest above you
  • Recite

Subhana Rabbi al Ala’a (thrice)


E Pause between Sajdah (Prostrations)

  • From Prostrating sit upright on the floor.
  • Palms before knees
  • Left foot should be under buttocks, right foot remains similar to level of individual comfort and alignment


F Repeat the Sajdah (Prosration as in D)

  • Place forehead on ground consciously acknowledging that Allah subhana wa taala is the highest above you
  • Recite

Subhana Rabbi al Ala’a (thrice)




G Repeat from

A.1 Recitation- Al fatiha and Surah

B Whilst Bowing (This will be your second bowing)

C Rise to straight posture

D To Sajdah

E Pause between Sajdah

F Repeat the Sajdah





H Remain seated on ground

    • Palms remain place before knees
    • Index finder of right hand remains slightly curled out and moves a degree repeatedly but slowly
    • Recite:

Attahiyattu lillahi wasalawatu wattayibathu asalamu alayka ayyuhan nabiyu warahmatullahi wa baraka tuhu

Asalamu alayka ala ibadilahi swaliheen

(Raise index finger 2 degrees) Ashadu an laa ilaha il allah wa ashadu anna muhammadan abdu warasuluhu



NOTE: If it is a salah of 4 rakah you will rise to repeat the process if it is just 2 rakah you will continue reciting whilst seated


  • Salah Ibrahimmiyyah


Allahum saleallah muhammadin wa ala ahlehi muhammadinw

Kama salaytha ala ibrahima wa ala ahlehi Ibrahima innaka hamidun majeed


Allahuma barik, ala muhammadiwn wa ala ahlehi muhammadiwn,

kama baraktha ala ibrahima, wa ala ahlehi Ibrahima innaka hamidun majeed


Final dua


Allahumaghfirli wale walidayah,

wale ustaziyah, wa jamee il muhminina ,

wal muhminaat, wal muslimina wal muslimat,

birahmatika ya arhamurahimeen



  • Turn face to the right and state Asalamu alaykum warahmatulllah
  • Then turn face to the left and state Asalamu alaykum warahmatullah




  •  Recite

Astaghfirullah (9 times)

  • Then on your right-hand on each digits, using your thumb as counter

33 times Allahu akbar

33 times alhamdulillah

33 times subhanallah


Purity (Hygiene and Cleanliness)








What is Aqeedah? – Know your Aqeedah (Belief)


© Copyright  – Shekh Ebrahim