The Khilafah on Prophetic Methodology
تَكُونُ النُّبُوَّةُ فِيكُمْ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تَكُونَ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ خِلَافَةٌ عَلَى مِنْهَاجِ النُّبُوَّةِ فَتَكُونُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تَكُونَ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَرْفَعَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ مُلْكًا عَاضًّا فَيَكُونُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ مُلْكًا جَبْرِيَّةً فَتَكُونُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تَكُونَ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ خِلَافَةً عَلَى مِنْهَاجِ النُّبُوَّةِ ثُمَّ سَكَتَ
Ḥudhayfa b. al-Yamān Radiallahu anhu reported that Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam said,
“Prophethood will remain amongst you for as long as Allah wishes. Then Allah will remove it whenever He wishes to remove it, and there will be a caliphate upon the prophetic methodology. It will last for as long as Allah wishes it to last, then Allah will remove it whenever He wishes to remove it.
Then there will be an abiding dynasty, and it will remain for as long as Allah wishes it to remain. Then Allah will remove it whenever He wishes to remove it.
Then there will be tyrannical (forceful) kingship, and it will remain for as long as Allah wishes it to remain. Then He will remove it whenever He wishes to remove it, and
then there will be a caliphate upon the prophetic methodology.”
Source: Collected by Aḥmad (18406);
Grade: Deemed ḥasan by al-Arna’ūṭ, and “at least ḥasan” by al-Albāni in as-Silsila aṣ-Ṣaḥīḥa (5)
The rulership by RasulAllah Sallallahu Alayhi wasallam (1AH- 10AH / 622 CE – 632 CE)
The establishment of a state in Madinah signified the first form of Muslim rule in the world and established the world’s first constitution. It is here the foundation of Islamic rule is taken and from it, its form of governance established. The charter signed in Madinah is an example of Muslim rule under which Jews and Christians were able to live peacefully, under the protection of the Islamic State whilst its regulations are upheld. RasulAllah Sallallahu Alayhi wasalam continued this rule of Prophethood until His passing away in year 10 after the hijra.
Khilafah Rashidah (The Rashidun Caliphate) (11-42AH / 632-661CE )
Khilafah of Abu Bakr Radiallahu Anhu (Khalifatur Rasulallah)
After the death of Rasulallah Sallallahu Alayhi wasalam began the rulership of four successive Khalifahs spanning a period of 30 years.
The first rule was established by Abu Bakr radiallahu anhu (Khalifatur Rasulallah). This rule lasted for a period of two years. The rule was faced with many of the Bedouin Arab tribes apostatizing and revolting against Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu in objection and refusal to pay zakah. This was effectively dealt with by Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu in quashing these uprising and stemming the apostasy. Upon the passing away of Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu the Khilafah was upon the terms of Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhu handed to Umar Radiallahu anhu.
Khilafah of Umar Radiallahu anhu (Ameerul Mumineen) (42-52 AH / 634-644CE)
Umar Radiallahu anhu displayed military genius in the expansion of the rule of his Khilafah.
The Khilafah expanded into the; Roman Empire (Byzantium-Roman Territories), Persian Empire (Sassanian territories), Egypt. This resulted in the entire of the Persian Empire, Levant, and Syria falling under the Khilafah.
The form of governance resulted in wealth being generated by the conquered territories and the revenue flowed to the center of the Khilafah. This created both an income stream for all subjects of the Khilafah. Umar Radiallahu anhu also created a council of 6 who would make shurah in determining the next Khalifah.
Umar had loved Madinah, yet also aspired to martyrdom (shahadah). Both the love of death in Madinah whilst also striving for shahadah was achieved in year 52 AH. Umar Radiallahu anhu was assassinated whilst in Fajr salah in Musjidun Nabawi. The perpetrator was a Persian slave named Abu Luluah (Piruz Nahavandi)
The Persian Abu Luluah (Piruz Nahavandi) lived in Madinah for a period of time after being captured at the battle of al qadisia. Piruz Nahavandi is buried in Isfahan Iran and is revered and celebrated by the iranian shiah for assassinating Umar Radiallahu anhu.
The Khilafah of Uthman Radiallahu anhu(52 – 64AH / 644 – 656CE)
Under Construction – Time for Salaah ; )