What is Tawheed?
The root of the word Tawheed is from the word wahd, which refers to the unique oneness of Allah subhana wa taala.
The Shahadah is the declaration of Tawheed, the declaration of the belief in that unique oneness of Allah subhana wa taala.
A declaration of belief of absolute pure Islamic monotheism.
Tawheed is evidenced in both the Quran and the Sunnah
Surah Al-Ikhlaas 112:1-4 Say (O Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wasalam)): “He is Allah, (the) One. “Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). “He begets not, nor was He begotten; “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.”
The Sunnah is contained in the books of Ahadith. Ahadith are the recorded understandings, practices and teachings of Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam
Hadith of RasulAllah salalahu alayhi wasallam
On the day of ‘Arafah.
“The best that I and the Prophets said on the afternoon of (the day of) ‘Arafah is ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the dominion, to Him be praise, and He has power over all things).”
Narrated by at-Tabaraani in Fadl ‘Ashar Dhi’l-Hijjah; classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in as-Silsilah as-Saheehah (1503)
What are the understandings of Tawheed?
There are various understandings in regard to the unique oneness of Allah subhana wa taala.
This is reflected in the myriad of verses of Quran.
Means acknowledging the Oneness of Allah subhana wa taala in His Lordship. Lordship of everything; known and unknown, seen and unseen, material and spiritual belong to Allah subhana wa taala alone.
Surah Ebrahim – 14:10. Their Messengers said: “What! Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? He calls you (to Monotheism and to be obedient to Allah) that He may forgive you of your sins and give you respite for a term appointed.” They said: “You are no more than human beings like us! You wish to turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring us a clear authority i.e. a clear proof of what you say).”
Surah aRum – 30:30. So set you (O Muhammad salalahu alayhi wasallam) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq–illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]
Tawheed Al Uluhiyyah / Ubudhiyah
Means acknowledging the Oneness of Allah subhana wa taala in His Worship. Worship is, therefore for Allah subhana wa taala alone. No other deity, spiritual being or person is to be worshipped other than Allah subhana wa taala. All forms of worship is for Allah subhana wa taala as He has prescribed in Quran and Sunnah.
Surah Al An’am 6:162. Say (O Muhammad salalahu alayhi wasalam ): “Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
Tawheed Al Asma Wa Sifat
Means the acknowledging and invoking of Allah subhana wa taala alone, through calling upon him by his names and attributes as prescribed in Quran and Sunnah.
Surah Al A’raf 7:180. And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah , so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.
Tawheed Al Hakamiyah
Means acknowledging that legislation is for Allah subhana wa taala alone. Thus Shariah (Quran and Sunnah) is what governs the life of a Muslim.
Surah Al An’am 6:114. [Say (O Muhammad salalahu alayhi wasallm)] “Shall I seek a judge other than Allah while it is He Who has sent down unto you the Book (The Qur’an), explained in detail.” Those unto whom We gave the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] know that it is revealed from your Lord in truth. So be not you of those who doubt.
What do we avoid?
Tashbih – comparing Allah subhana wa taala to creation
Tamthil – likening the attributes of Allah subhana wa taala to those of what has been created.
Tahrif – distortion of the meanings of the attributes of Allah subhana wa taala
Ta`til – following from Tahrif, the distortion which results in the denial of the attributes of Allah subhana wa taala
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