The Chain of Narration – Isnaad
Abdullah ibn Amr reported:
RasulAllah Sallallahu Alayhi wasalam, said,
“Convey from me, even a single verse.
Narrate from the children of Israel, for there is no blame in it.
Whoever deliberately lies about me,
let him take his seat in Hellfire.”
Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3274
Grade: Sahih authentic) according to Al-Bukhari
What is Isnaad? or Sanad?
Isnad refers to the chain of narration. A chain of narration is formed where one person conveys a message or text from one particular person to another person, and that person in turn conveys the same message or text to subsequent persons.
An Example of this ;
A – conveys to – B – conveys to – C – conveys to –D– conveys to –E– conveys to F
Here we see person A conveying a message along a chain of individuals to reach person F.
[Note that person F may not be the intended recipient]
What is Matn?
Matn refers to the text or narration itself in a massage that is conveyed along the chain of narration. Thus the text or narration itself is the Matn.
What is Hadith?
Hadith, therefore, refers to the combination of the Isnaad (Chain of Narration) and the Matn (Text, Narration itself)
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