What is Aqeedah?
Aqeedah is the creed and foundation upon which one bases their belief.
A clear understanding of the aspects of aqeedah is required in Islam to ensure that it is sound and safe from doubt.
In Islam, Aqeedah (the root word being aqadah) ; means a firm conviction of the heart in the belief of what has been revealed and what is required of the sunnah.
What is required in our Aqeedah
The creed of Islam requires us to believe in; Allah subhana wa taala, the Angels, the Books, the Prophets, the Day of Resurrection, the Divine Decree (Qadr), the good of it and the bad of it.
Aqeedah is, therefore, the aspect upon which there is no room for disagreement or opinion.
This is evidenced by the Quran and the Sunnah.
Surah Al Baqarah 2:285.“The Messenger (Muhammad salalahu alayhi wasalam) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, “We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers” – and they say, “We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).”
Surah Al Maidah 5:89. “Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths; for its expiation (a deliberate oath) feed ten Masakin (poor persons), on a scale of the average of that with which you feed your own families; or clothe them; or manumit a slave. But whosoever cannot afford (that), then he should fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths when you have sworn. And protect your oaths (i.e. do not swear much). Thus Allah makes clear to you His Ayat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) that you may be grateful”.
Hadith of Gabriel: When the angel asked what is eemaan, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said ‘Eemaan is to believe in Allah His angels, books, messengers, day of judgment and Al- qadar the good and bad’
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