What is Fiqh?
Mu’awiyah Radiallahu anhu reported:
Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam said,
“When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him
the understanding of Deen.”
Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
وعن معاوية رضي الله عنه قال:
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم :
“من يرد الله به خيرًا يفقه في الدين”
Thus Fiqh means the true understanding of aspects in deen. This is used in the linguistic sense to mean true understanding. This would differ when considering Shariah.
Technically Fiqh means the deduced laws of from evidence found in the primary sources; Quran, Sunnah (authentic ahadith),and through the secondary sources Ijma, QIyas, and Ijtihad.
Fiqh has certain key features;
- Fiqh is always changing
- Fiqh is derived from Quran, Sunnah (Authentic ahadith), Ijma, Qiyas, and Ijtihad
- Fiqh addresses specific circumstances and or issues
The Shariah means the total of all the laws revealed to Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam. This is found in both Quran and Sunnah (understandings, practices, and teachings of Rasulallah Sallallahu alayhi wasalam).
Shariah is distinct in certain respects;
- It is constant and unchanging
- It is from the Quran and Sunnah (Authentic Ahadith)
- It lays out the general principles
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